Area 4P Framework

Please watch the next video created by the FRIICT project which was the precurser to ORBIT

The framework is not a tickbox excercise or linear set of tasks to complete, it is more of a guideline to help you consider RRI throughout your project or research and you may find yourself cycling through the 4 stages continuously.


…by describing and analysing the impacts that might arise

  • Foresight, technology assessment, and scenario development
  • Include informal, everyday decisions and discussions
  • What if? What else …?


…on the purposes of, motivations for and potential implications of the research

  • Make visible dominant values: “holding up a mirror” to one’s own assumptions
  • Pausing for a moment
  • Systemic context

Engage up visions, impacts & questioning to broader deliberation, dialogue, engagement

  • Inclusive 
  • Participatory 
  • Workshops, focus groups
  • Encourage users to reflect on their own assumptions; open up the design space


…influence the direction and trajectory of the research and innovation process itself

  • Being responsive
  • Not ‘once-for-all’ – pragmatic customisation of technologies
  • Adapt to emerging knowledge
  • Institutional responsiveness and Corporate Social Responsibility
  • Is there a need for regulation to maximise benefits and minimise risk?

The 4 P's

Mapping the AREA principles against the 4Ps creates space to think about how RRI can be made relevant to ICT.

We also need to consider the European Perspective ...

Bridging the gap between research and industry

BSI have created a set of guidelines called PAS440 to assist companies to consider RRI within their businesses. You can dowload an electronic copy from their website and ORBIT offer a course on this if you would like to know more alternatively please click the button below to download the documents from their website.